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Atrophic vaginitis: Is found in prepubertal, lactating and postmenopausal women who lack the vaginal effects of estrogen production. In these cases, the pH of the vagina is abnormally high, and the vaginal lining is thinned and more susceptible to infection and trauma.

Bacterial vaginosis: Is the most common cause of a vaginal infection in 50% of all cases. It is caused by a change in the bacteria that is usually present in the vagina, and involves an overgrowth of certain organisms. Also known as: Gardenerella vaginitis,

Brazilian bikini wax/G-wax: The pubic hair is completely removed, except for a very thin, two-and-a-half centimetre strip centred above the vulva. Recent studies have shown that this is the most popular style with men.

Carboxy therapy: Carbon dioxide therapy is hugely popular in Hollywood, involving a procedure which sees a small amount of this gas injected into the upper layers of the skin. The body interprets the presence of this gas as an oxygen shortage, and reacts by sending a large amount of oxygen and nutrients to the treated area, improving circulation and cell renewal. Carbon dioxide therapy combats stretch marks, improves scars, helps with diabetic stomach pain, the healing of wounds, erectile dysfunction (from circulation problems), female genital firmness and skin renewal (especially after the onset of menopause). It also helps with dryness during intimacy because it restores circulation to the muscles which supply natural lubrication.

Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia (CIN): Is the abnormal growth of cells that precedes cancer in the cervix. This is not always a reason for concern, as in most cases the cells remain stable or diminish as a result of the carrier’s immune system. In such cases, intervention is not necessary, but there are a small percentage of cases that do develop into cancer. CIN 1 is the safest type, and leads to only moderate abnormal cell growth. CIN 2 and CIN 3 result in steady abnormal cell growth, and affect more than two thirds of the whole epithelial thickness, while CIN 3 can affect the full thickness of the epithelial layer and is sometimes described as cervical carcinoma in situ.

Chaplin moustache: A shorter, squarer version of the landing strip. Women who like to wear low-cut hipsters will benefit from this style.

Cunnilingus: Refers to oral sex for her.

Endometriosis: A medical condition where the uterus lining – normally inside the uterus – develops outside of the uterus. It can also be located in the bladder, fallopian tubes, intestines and ovaries. Endometriosis can spread to the vagina of cervix, and has been known to develop in other areas of the body, including the lungs. Although women of any reproductive ages can develop endometriosis, it typically affects women in their 20s and 30s, and of those affected 1 in 3 struggles with infertility. After menopause, endometriosis diminishes or disappears.

Erectile dysfunction: It refers to the inability to attain an erection, or to maintain one, making sexual penetration impossible.

Fellatio: Refers to oral sex for him.

French bikini wax: This is also called the ‘triangle’ and is one of the simplest styles to achieve. The hair is removed from the sides of and above the bikini area. This method is an ideal style for those waxing for the first time (wax ‘virgins’), and is recommended for women who like wearing bikinis and sexy nightwear.

Frenulum: The area underneath his penis that almost looks like a hem.

Full Brazilian/Hollywood/Bare: Hair on the buttocks, anus and vulva is completely removed.

Gynaecomastia: Often referred to as ‘man-boobs’ is the enlargement of male breast tissue, and can happen in males of any age or weight. Read more

Hormones: A hormone is a chemical substance secreted by your body (one cell or a group of cells). Hormones are secreted into body fluids such as secretions or blood, and then transferred to other body cells where they have an important physiological effect. The hormones’ effects then control certain functions of those body cells. An example of this would be oestrogen which is formed by the ovaries. The hormone is secreted, and then enters the bloodstream and is carried to, amongst others, the external reproductive organs where it causes the big and small lips of your genitalia to grow when you reach puberty. Your female hormones are formed in three places in your body, namely your brain (in the pituitary gland) where they regulate the formation of other hormones (which play a role in lactation, for example), your ovaries which produced oestrogen and progesterone, and lastly in the afterbirth (placenta) during pregnancy. You also form a small amount of testosterone in your ovaries and adrenal glands.

Human Papilloma Virus (HPV): HPV is the name given to a group of more than 100 viruses. Of these, approximately 40 types are spread through sexual contact. The types of MPV that affect the genital area are called genital HPV, with more than half of all sexually active people having contracted this virus at some stage in their lives – although most aren’t even aware of it as HPV often has no symptoms.

Interstitial cystitis: A urinary infection with is recognized by symptoms such as frequent urination, and pressure and/or pain in the bladder. Also called: bladder infection. Read more

Landing strip: The landing strip resembles its namesake. Hair is removed from the sides of the pubic area to form a long, centred, vertical rectangle. This is a practical style because it means that hair won’t stick out from under your bikini or shorts.

Libido: Your sexual desire or urge.

Menopause: “The final menstruation of a female”. (

Menorrhagia: Excessive menstrual bleeding. Read more

Osteoporosis: Literally means ‘porous bones’. It is a condition in which bone tissue is reduced and the micro-architecture of bones is disrupted. This leads to an increased risk of fractures which usually involve the spine, hips or wrists.

Pap test / Pap smear: A screening test that has been very successful at finding signs of cervical cancer or cells that may turn into cancer cells at a future date.

Physiognomy: A science similar to physiology (the study of the body), and is used to compile a personality profile of the subject by interpreting facial features. This science, which is at least 3000 years old, was used by Aristotle, Plato, Hippocrates, Darwin and Lincoln, to name but a few.

Prostatitis: Inflammation of the prostate. Read more

Testicular cancer: A condition which involves the cells within the testis growing and dividing abnormally and causing a tumor to grow in the testes (the pair of oval-shaped glands suspended in a pouch of skin called the scrotum).

Trichomoniasis: A sexually transmitted disease that is caused by a parasite. Read more

Vaginal yeast infection: Is caused by a fungus called Candida Albicans, and is also called candidiasis, genital candidiasis or vulvovaginal candidiasis.

Vaginismus: A condition which affects a woman’s ability to engage in any form of vaginal penetration, including sexual penetration, insertion of tampons, and the penetration involved in routine gynecological examinations. It is the result of a conditioned reflex of the pubococcygeus muscle, which is also sometimes referred to as the ‘PC muscle’ (one of those you use when you do Kegel exercises). The reflex causes the muscles in the vagina to tense suddenly, which makes any kind of vaginal penetration – including sexual penetration – either painful or literally impossible.